Circus musicians could be elusive during the early twentieth century. Established players moved frequently from one show to another while itinerant musicians might join out for short periods of time to build income and then depart when they found other employment. Circus route books, published at the end of the season as a record of travel, often list members of the band. Even these can be misleading, however, as they may not include someone who left the show early. The three major public circus libraries (Circus World Museum, the Ringling, Milner Library at Illinois State University) all host route book collections. Another source of information on circus musicians is Windjammers Unlimited, the circus music historical society.
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